Workers Compensation

Search topics
glossary image

Workers Compensation

What is Workers Compensation?

Workers’ Compensation often known as workers comp is a provision by the employers to their employees for a workplace injury or illness caused amidst employee is on the job tasks within office, fieldwork, factory or outlet, etc. that is at the workplace.      

Work-related injuries or ailments are those when workers are injured on the job or get ill during the commitment of tasks, respectively. Though workplace safety executions are usually operative within organizations, then again diverse nature of incidents appear at different sorts of workplaces, therefore as per workers’ compensation law, medical care and expenses, and disability benefits are provided to the workers and they’re dependent as workers compensation coverage.

Death benefits are also extended to the families of the fatal incident non-survivors of the workplace.

The injured worker and/or acquiring job-related disease results in the provision of disability benefits under workers’ compensation insurance by way of general regulations.

Workers’ Compensation - General Regulations

Following are the general regulations (and practices in vogue) in terms of Workers’ Compensation:

  • Though state laws provide coverage to such facilities, then again wage and medical benefits vary by state. This is considered as a contractual understanding between the employee and the employer that is the cause of any illness or injury, provided that is work-related, and the employee would not file suit against the employer and hence would be given coverage for a mishap(s) if any. 
  • Employees might become disabled due to any task they did and hence are unable to work more same as before, therefore they are too given benefits under such policies in favor of workers. This compensation includes medical treatments, partial salaries payments, but it is important to keep in mind that it is different from the programs named as disability insurance or unemployment benefits. Job-related therapies are required so, are also covered under workers’ comp.  
  • Each state has a Workers Compensation Board for the intervention of disputes and solving the same. As the laws vary from state to state, some exempt small companies from such a mandate coverage and others have diverse requirements for various industrial sectors. National Federation of Independent Businesses – NFIB is the body that maintains such a summary for every state’s comp requisite. If a workers return to work and are instilled unable to do what s/he was doing before, s/he is given 2/3rd of the benefit of the difference.          


What are the workers' compensation benefits?

Following are the Benefits under the Workers’ Comp Program:

Salary Benefits

The most generous of the programs pay 2/3 of the gross salary to a person, though no full salary if provided. Workers’ Comp benefits are not usually taxable other than the persons who are recipients of the income from social security disability or supplemental security income program(s).  

Medical Care

Workers who get injured amid the performance of duty are covered for health and medical expenses. For example, if a person is driving to the office is not considered to workers’ comp during a commute, but if fallen from scaffolding during doing a task is.

And, if due to a fatal accident at the workplace, an employee dies, her / his dependents get paid under workers’ compensation.   


What is the benefit of the Workers’ Comp Program to the Employer?

The Workers’ Comp Program has not benefited only the employees but also the employers as mentioned below:

  • The workers waive the right to sue the employer for workplace ailment and/or injury
  • Any case can be referred to the Workers’ Compensation Board as a special consideration upon dispute request whereby the Board intervene whether the employer is liable for injury or illness or otherwise
  • National Insurance Crime Board is consulted for organized crimes in the shape of treachery false claims related to injuries / medical by physicians, patients, and attorneys. 

What is Workers’ Compensation Insurance?

Workers’ Compensation Insurance is the insurance provider for expenses related to medical, lost wages, and rehabilitation charges to the workers who are injured or ill on the job. And the insurance companies - as per workers’ compensation law(s) - not only provide with the administration of workers compensation claims to the workers but also in case of death of an employee during job performance, extend death benefits to the families of the deceased.

Workers Compensation and the US Department of Labor

The United States Department of Labor Office of Workers’ Compensation Programs (OWCP) is the administering authority for four programs under major disability compensation which are provided to federal workers (or the dependents) and other specific groups for workplace injuries and acquired disease/ailment due to job-related engagements. These four programs are as mentioned:

  1. Wage benefits
  2. Medical management
  3. Vocational rehabilitative administration
  4. Other benefits

Specific groups are covered under:

  1. Federal Employees Compensation Program
  2. Long-shore and Harbor workers’ Compensation Program
  3. Federal Black Lung Program
  4. Energy Employees job-related Illness Compensation Program

State and local government or private agencies’ employees should contact their state workers’ compensation board, in case of any workplace injury prevalent.

Workplace safety and health page should be referred to for inquiring about the US department of labor’s programs on work-related injuries and illnesses and their prevention - Official website.