Form 1099 is a collection of documents the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) designates as "information returns." The purpose of these forms is to report various types of income an individual or entity may receive throughout a year, which doesn't come directly from an employer. If you've acquired money beyond a regular salaried job, expect to receive a Form 1099.
Form 1099 serves as a record for income sources outside of standard employment. It's a critical tool to ensure taxpayers declare all their earnings. When the IRS cross-references payments from businesses against the reported income of taxpayers, they look for the consistency that these forms provide.
Form 1099 comes in various versions, depending on the nature of the income:
If you've earned above $600 in a tax year from an entity or individual (other than an employer), you should receive a Form 1099. Common recipients include:
The income indicated on Form 1099 should be incorporated into your annual tax return. For freelancers or those self-employed, this typically means adding the amount to Schedule C (Profit or Loss from Business). Depending on the type of income, it may go on other forms or schedules.
Entities obligated to send you 1099 should do so by January 31st of the year succeeding the relevant tax year. So, if you earned non-employee income in 2022, expect your form by January 31, 2023.
If by mid-February, you haven't gotten your 1099, get in touch with the payer. It's crucial to remember, however, that even without receiving the form, you are still legally obligated to report the income.
Indeed, there are penalties. Not reporting, or intentionally underreporting 1099 income can result in fines. It underscores the importance of maintaining accurate records of all income throughout the year to ensure correct reporting when filing your taxes.
For further and time to time updated information, please visit the official IRS website