Form 1040-ES, often referred to as the "Estimated Tax for Individuals," is a document used by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS). It's specifically for taxpayers who earn income not subject to tax withholding. This includes earnings from self-employment, interest, dividends, alimony, rent, and gains from the sale of assets, among others.
Not everyone is an employee receiving a W-2 with taxes withheld. If you're self-employed, a freelancer, or earning from other non-salaried sources, the IRS still expects their share. Instead of paying one lump sum during tax season, the 1040-ES allows taxpayers to break down their tax liability into quarterly payments, ensuring they're not hit with a large unexpected tax bill and potential penalties.
To determine your estimated tax, you'll project your expected income and deductions for the year. Using the worksheet provided in the Form 1040-ES package can guide you through this process. It's important to estimate your income as accurately as possible to avoid underpaying or overpaying.
The IRS has established four payment periods for estimated taxes. Typically, these due dates are:
However, if a due date falls on a weekend or holiday, the deadline is the next business day.
Life is unpredictable. If, during the year, you realize that you've either significantly overestimated or underestimated your earnings, it's possible to adjust your next quarterly payment. By keeping a close eye on your income and adjusting as necessary, you can ensure you're not overpaying or underpaying your estimated tax.
There are several methods to make your payments:
Missing or late payments might result in penalties. It's always essential to mark your calendar for each due date or set up automatic payments, so you don't forget. If you miss a payment, try to make it as soon as possible to reduce potential penalties.
For further and time to time updated information, please check the official IRS website